Yorkshire Schools

Brayton Church of England Infant School

Brayton Church of England Infant School.jpg 


The White House - home of the Varley family

Margaret Frank Built in 1872, Brayton Church of England Infant School is one of the oldest buildings in the village of Brayton, North Yorkshire.  The school house was once home to the headmistress of Brayton school, and lessons were taken in a smaller building.

My husband,s grandmother Alice nee Varley Silversides and her siblings attended this school. Tom our American cousin visited and said the headmaster was very helpful in his research of the Varley family.  

This is the White House in Brayton where my husband's maternal grandma was brought up. I have some brickwalls regarding the family .I am trying to find out exactly what the relationship was with the Palframans[various spellings] and the Varley family .There was a marriage but I think the Palframands were the employers and the varleys the workers originally.

On Christmas Eve 1918, a horse chestnut tree was planted in the playground of the school to commemorate the boys of Brayton who died in the Great War.

 New Model Infant School, Leeds

Margaret Frank  William Sinkins, my 2xgt gf, lived at Londsdale Yard Leeds, 4 Park Street Leeds running new Model Infant School, the School of Industry Coburg Street , 30 Belgrave Street PO Court Directory near Jewish synagogue.  The school was established in 1826 and was situated in South Market until 1836 when a convenient building was erected in Park Street.  It was attended by 150 children and had apartments for the masters residence.  The infant school at Camp Field had 180 scholars and was mainly supported by Messrs Marshall & Co Flax Spinners.  Another public school was opened in 1836 in Spitalfields and seven other private schools on the same plan were established in various parts of the town.  I found this information on The Leodis website.  
"LEEDS MODEL INFANT SCHOOL - The annual meeting of this Institution was held on Wednesday.  About 100 children attend the school, but at present 50 of them are invalids, and no fewer than 36 have died during the last 7 weeks, principally of whooping cough and measles.  In consequence of this extraordinary sickness and mortality no examination took place."  (Source:  The Bradford Observer, 6th July 1843)

 Rawcliffe Village School


 National School, Lowtown, Pudsey

National School, Lowtown, Pudsey...this is where my gt grandfather went to school in the late 1880's along with his brothers and sisters. A quote from the book by Simeon Rayner 'The History of Pudsey' that was published in 1887 states that 'the education given was of a high character.'
Believe it or not it had places for 228 children!! (i'm guessing by the size of the school, not all were there at one given time!)

Stamford Bridge Village School   


The village school was first built in Main Street in 1795 as a result of a legacy left by Christopher Wharton. Education was provided free for 12 poor boys and 6 poor girls who had to provide one shilling a year for kindling. Pay scholars were also taught and by 1822 the school population numbered 30. 1874 saw compulsory education and in 1911 the East Riding County Council took over and built a school on the present Church Road site.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stamford_Bridge,_East_Riding_of_Yorkshire

Acomb Village Schools
From a record of 1636 there is a reference by Harold Richardson "For Thomas Stillington for teaching school in our Parish[ Acomb MF]without licence"he adds "There is nothing to tell us where the school was situated or who taught there" About 1730 The Church wardens presentment states " We have an English School within the Parish.The school is not taught by our Minister but by a lay person who is a dissenter. It is thought this person was William Gowland for in the will of Mr William Gowland dated 1720 , it states " I have built a school house in Acomb for the poor children to be taught in for ever. My will is that the school master who for the future is to be admitted to teach there shall from time to time be chosen either by Mr John Hotham , minister of the Chapel in St Saviour gate York or by Mr Samuel Smith Or Mr William Hotham and Mr Thomas Mell by a majority of those last three whom I appoint as Trustees etc n 1818 Dame Sarah Hewley of St Saviours Chapel left a bequest in her will "To teach the children of the poor to read and write"In 1848 a Church School was on site to the west of St Stephens Church It was enlarged twice in 1873 and 1876. In 1894 a Board School was opened on Front Street Acomb. All these are snippets fromA History of Acomb Richardson's History Revised and Enlarged by Geoff Hodgson 2001 ISBN O 9527093 8 4 (Thank you to Margaret Frank for submitting this article.)

 1818:  Population 655; Educational Endowments: A school in which 10 children are taught for the sum of £5 left by the late Lady Hewley for that purpose.   Other institutions:  None; Observations:  There are nearly 100 children without sufficient means of education, and it would be very desirable to establish a national school. (Digest of Parochial Returns, 1818, Vol. II)

 Heworth Voluntary Primary SchoolAnother old York School [taken from A History of Yorkshire: City of York Schools and Colleges. [researched by W Maddison 1936 to 1942 a pupil at the school] Heworth Voluntary Primary School was opened in 1873 by the aid of a Government grant .Boys, Girls and Infants were accommodated in 2 class rooms. The fees were 2d and 3d for boys and 4d for Girls and 1d and 2d for Infants[that is old pounds shillings and pence for those born post decimalization MF]There were 2 mistresses.In 1877 attendance averaged 140 .By 1897 the school could accommodate 314 children and averaged 183 pupils. In 1910 there were two departments, mixed and infants. the school was re organised in 1932 and the average attendance was 187 up to 1938. There is still a modern junior and infant school there which I pass every week and the children all seem so smart in their red uniforms and look a credit to the area.  
Huntington Earswick and Tolthorpe Board School, nr. York From The York Herald Friday October 12th 1877 
Opening of Huntington Earswick and Tolthorpe Board School. Yesterday The Board School at Huntington was formally opened by a tea given to the Children by the Chairman [Mr Wm Driffield] , the vice chairman [Mr John Hoyle], the following members of the Board; The Rev J R Morton, and Messrs Humphrey, Snaith, Varey and the architect Mr Wm Lewis, of York. The School room which was formerly the parish school, has been considerably enlarged and improved from plans executed by Mr Lewis. A class room with accomodation for 40 infants , has been added, also two comodious playgrounds for boys and girls respectively, and there is now in course of erection a very comfortable and convenient residence for the master, Mr Nathan Bellerby. The school room has been fitted up with the latest approved appliances under the supervision of the master and every care has been taken by the Board to meet the educational requirements of the district. After tea the vice chairman gave a very interesting reading, entitled "The Barrel Organ", The Rev J R Morton addressed a few remarks to the children, and the meeting closed by singing The National Anthem.  
One of the earliest records of a school in Huntington is in the Archbishops Visitation records of 1764.It records the parish priest lives in Wigginton] a nearby village.He records 64 families and 2 Quakers and a private school for the convenience of the children. ] A map of 1841 shows School House Close near where the board school is [now known as The Annexe by every one in Huntington]
 Etton Church of England School
1818:  Population 338; Endowed Schools:  None; Other Institutions: A day school, containing from 35 to 40 boys; and a Sunday school, attended by about the same number.  And a day and Sunday school for girls, consisting of about 30, supported by voluntary subscriptions.  Observations: The poorer classes are desirous of possessing more sufficient means of education.  (Digest of Parochial Returns, 1818, Vol.II)  
The school was rebuilt in 1856, with accommodation for 100 children.  It closed in December 1966 and the building is now used as the Village Hall. 
 North Newbald Old School
 Built in 1846 by the Clough family of Newbald Hall.  In 1871, the school had 88 pupils.  By 1914, attendance had risen to 100-120 and, as a result, a new school was built on the Beverley Road, the old school becoming the Parish Hall.
First School House, School Lane, BishopthorpeSchool and Schoolmaster's house erected in 1763 by John Crosby.  Became a girls' school on the construction of Archbishop Harcourt's School.  Also used as a Reading Room from 1890. 
 Archbishop of York School, Bishopthorpe Opened in 1846, closed 1967.
 Shipton Street School, Burton Stone Lane, Clifton Built by W.H. Brierley in 1890.
 Haxby Village School Opened in 1876, closed 1954. Now used as the Memorial Hall.
 St Barnabas School, Bright Street, Holgate Opened in 1877.  Demolished in 2009.
 Dodsworth School, Millfield Lane, Nether PoppletonOpened in 1850 by the Dodsworth Trust.  John Dodsworth was an Iron Merchant in York and Sheriff of York from 1787-1788.  In 1894 the building became a Sunday School and is now a children's nursery. 
 Village Old School, Rufforth Opened in 1870.
 Sancton The old Grammar School had an endowment of £20 annually.  It was founded in 1610, by Marmaduke, First Lord Langdale, Baron of Holme on Spalding Moor.  A new school was erected in 1872, at a cost of £600, as a memorial to the Rev. Thomas Jackson, who was born in the parish.  There is also a small Wesleyan Chapel, built in 1840. 
(A History of South Cave, by John George Hall, 1892)

North Ferriby

The Turner Memorial School was built in 1877, and is one of many gifts by Mrs Turner in memory of her late husband, Charles Turner, Esq., M.P. for Liverpool.
Sir Henry Etherington's Charity, by deed, dated 14th February 1781, rent charge of £11.1s.0d. per annum, £10 part thereof, for teaching to poor children, boys and girls, reading, writing, and accounts, and the remaining £1.1s.0d. to the minister for reading the deed every Whit Sunday, after the sermon.
(A History of South Cave, by John George Hall, 1892)


In 1716 Mr Leonard Chamberlain left an endowment of £5 a year for the school, but it has considerably increased since that time.  About thirty-three years ago a bazaar was held towards the alteration and enlargement of the school.  Mr John Clark was then the master, and on his retirement in 1876, Mr Thomas Banks, the present schoolmaster was elected.  The ratepayers elect the schoolmaster. 
(A History of South Cave, by John George Hall, 1892)

For a long time the school-room attached to the Independent Chapel was used for both Day-School and Sunday-School purposes.  It is worthy of note that the Sunday School is the oldest in the East Riding.  It was commenced early in 1798 (only nine years after Robert Raikes founded the first Sunday School in Gloucester) and was followed the same year by one at Beverley.  The day school was established at a still earlier period, dating from the close of the 17th century.

In the year 1876, the present handsome school buildings were erected for the accommodation of both the day and Sunday schools.  With their site and complete furnishings they were the gift of John Todd, Esq., J.P. of Swanland Hall.

“Nathaniel Woodmansey’s gift; by will dated 19th July, 1719, rent of 1a.1r. of land.  One half to the Presbyterian Minister of Swanland and the remainder to the Schoolmaster.

Jeremiah Turner’s charity; by will dated 14th July 1789, the dividends on £204.6s.10d. (part of total £815.16s.1d. dividends – navy five per cents) to be paid to the Minister’s Clerk, who should act as schoolmaster, for which he teachers twelve poor children between the ages of six and twelve years reading and writing.  The children are appointed by the Minister.” (Charity Commissioners’ 9th Report, p.814)

(A History of South Cave, by John George Hall, 1892) 


A board school and schoolmaster’s house were erected a few years ago, and are substantial buildings.  The “Walmsley Memorial Chapel” is situated in the main street, adjoining the board schools.  There is a convenient school room at the rear of the Chapel, measuring 26 ft by 18 ft; and projecting from the schoolroom, are two class rooms.  The buildings were formally opened on 3rd December, 1891.

(A History of South Cave, by John George Hall, 1892) 


 Education in the Village


The first school in Heslington was built in the back lane (now School Lane) in 1795, on ground given by Henry Yarburgh and at the expense of the township;  the bylawmen paid £4 towards the work that year.  In 1835 20 boys and 20 girls were taught there at their parents' expense. A new school was projected by Yarburgh Yarburgh and built in 1856, after his death, by G. J. and Alicia Lloyd.  The earlier building, containing two ground-floor rooms and an attic, still stood in 1972. Yarburgh Yarburgh bequeathed £1,000 to the school and in 1858 £31 interest on it was received, as well as subscriptions and school pence. The average attendance was 54 in 1857,  and there were 72 in attendance in 1871.  The school was united with the National Society and it received an annual government grant by 1860.  The stock of Yarburgh's charity was sold to pay for the school's enlargement in 1907.  Attendance was about 90 in 1906–14, but it fell to 53 in 1938. The buildings were again extended in 1957 and 1965, on the latter occasion to accommodate 280 pupils. The school had been reorganized in 1958 as an infants' and junior school, senior pupils being transferred to Fulford. The number on the roll in September 1972 was 224. 

The school is now called Lord Deramore School[see attatched photograph]

The Village is now dominated by York University but the Main Street and School Lane still retain the  old character of the village

Scholars in 1851 census
Family Name & Parent's occupation
Child age & other comments

RICHMOND widow of  Farmer
Mary 11
Emma 13
Thomas 12
William 10
WHITTEY  Widower GF Labourer
William GS 11
CARR Land agent and Farmer
Francis Edward 6
Jane Deighton GD 11
DUFF Farmer
Sarah 12
Jane 11
William 10
James 9
Isabelle 6
Joseph Thackeray 11 Relative[not specified]
Elizabeth Reader 4 Relative[ not specified]
HORNBY Lady widow
Margaret Ann 13
Annie HUSBAND Governess[ at same address]
LONSDALE Farm labourer
Abraham Smith[brother]  6
ARMITT Washerwoman
Mary Ann 11
PRESTON farm lab
Frances 10
Woodhouse 8
Sarah E 5
SMITH House Servant
William 7
William 6
Elizabeth 5
Jane 15
Henry 13
Ann 11
Robert 6
George GS 5
RUSHWORTH Game Watcher
William 5
Ann 9
Bessey 7
CALVERT Cordwainer
Mary 11
Elizabeth Scott  13 Visitor
Anthony 5
Thomas 4
MOLLOT GM Labourers widow
Maria GD 8
Mary Ann 9
Jane 6
WHITEHEAD General Dealer
Jane Ann 11

 In 1851 there was a Schoolmaster and Mistress with  two children' Emma 16 and John 12 who were listed as At Home
Robert Scott School Marster[sic]
Hannah Scott School Mistress
In 1851 Nicholas Yarburgh Esquire aged 80 together with 8 servants  lived at Heslington Hall He was a widow. BY 1861  the situation had changed as you will see.

Scholars and others in 1861 census 
Heslington Schoolroom  The School House
John HILL School Master
His wife and 2 under school age children also
HARDCASTLE Publican widower
John 8
William 6
James 12
WAKEFIELD Cordwainer
Charles Wakefield son [adult] Private Teacher
Elisabeth 4
RUSHWORTH Game Watcher 
Eliza 7
Ann 4
Thomas 11
William 8
WARE Blacksmith
William 11
Walter 8
LEE Farmer
Richard 13
Elizabeth 8
Mary 7
George 5
DUFF Farmer
Mary 13
Alexander 10
Thomas 9
Joseph 7
 Mary Ann age 11 was not a scholar 
Eliza 9
John 5
KAY Coachman Domestic
Ann 10
John 8
George 6
Mary 12
William 9
Esther 6
Jane 4
AMERS Farmer
Elizabeth 7
Mary 4
HAW Farmer
James 12
Joseph 10
Ann 6
Richardson farm lab
William 10
Frances 6
Alice 4

Following families had children of school age but were not listed as scholars on the census return[ns]
BRIGHTWELL Retiring Allowance Ordinance Dept Land Surveyor
Annie 13
Robert 12
Walter 11 ns
George 9 ns
Tom 5 ns
Charles 12 n s
Hammond 10 scholar
William 8 scholar
John 12 ns
Ann 8 ns
Isabelle 5 ns
WALKER Butcher
Mary 11 ns
Jane 10 ns
John 6 ns

Omitted from schedule
Eleanor DUFF 6 scholar

Residing at Heslington Hall in 1861
George YARBURGH Magistrate and Barrister Not in Practice 
His wife
His daughter  Sarah Ann17
His daughter Mary 18
Also in the house were
Sarah AB Stable Governess
Mary E Bang School room maid
1 Cook/Housekeeper
1 Lady's maid
3 Housemaids
1 Laundry maid
1 kitchen maid
1 Scullery maid
1 Dairy maid
2 footmen
1 Groom
1 Butler

Margaret Frank,
27 May 2012, 09:02